Many Native American tribes supported the British during the Revolutionary War.  Yet they were not represented at the deliberations during the Treaty of Paris of 1783.

The Revolution was disastrous for the Native Americans, mostly because the tribes sided with the British.  The Colonists saw this as a hostile act and drove many Native Americans from their homes and lands, such as the Sullivan Expedition through New York.

Many women followed Washington’s army through the entirety of the Revolution.  These women were following their husbands or were looking for safety, shelter, food, or work.  But they also were important for cooking, laundering, sewing, and nursing.  It is believed that some women could have fought disguised as men.

African American slaves who ran from their owners and plantations in the south often joined sides with the British.  Their hopes were to receive their freedom and protection by the British.  They worked as scouts, laborers, messengers, spies, and wagon drivers.  Occasionally they could become soldiers in the British Army.

At the Battle of Lexington and Concord, 9 black soldiers fought with the Minutemen, defending the towns against the British Army.

Thomas Jefferson and John Adams both died on July 4th, 1826, exactly 50 years after the approval of the Declaration of Independence

Benedict Arnold asked for permission to hang three spies about one month before he was finally caught and tried for treason.

Who were the Hessians that the British hired to fight in the Revolution?

  • They were mostly, but not exclusively, regular German soldiers form Hesse-Cassel, not hired for personal gain – hence the name Hessians
  • They had been hired by the British as far back as 1688
  • They fought in every major battle in the Revolutionary War.
  • After the Revolution, many Hessians stayed in America
  • Of the estimated 19,000 Hessian soldiers, only half returned home.

English citizens and Loyalists joined the British Army in the 18th Century for a number of reasons:

  • The British army provided education and a steady job
  • Sometimes they joined to get away from bad apprenticeships or employment
  • Britain gave out pensions and land grants to soldiers
  • It was a chance to travel and get away from home
  • Sometimes they joined with friends and relatives
  • It also could have provided a change to raise their social status

Disease was rampant in both British and American Armies.  They varied depending on what part of the colonies they were fighting in, but the most common were:

  • scurvy – due to lack of vitamin C, resulting in weakness, tiredness, and sore arms and legs
  • dysentery – a disease that attacks the intestines
  • malaria – most infections come from mosquito bites.  Symptoms include fever, tiredness, vomiting, headaches, and occasionally yellow skin and seizures
  • yellow fever – also comes from mosquito bites, resulting in fever, chills, nausea, loss of appetite, headaches, and muscle pain
  •  typhus – a disease caused by bacteria passed on by lice, ticks, rat fleas, and mites.  It is recognizable by a purple rash, but also includes headaches, fever, and delirium.

Bayonets were some of the most feared weapons in the British arsenal against the Colonists.  They were an effective weapon, more so than the muskets themselves, and could be used in close quarters.  The Colonists, in the early years, were fighting with just muskets. It was not until the Colonists began receiving shiploads of muskets from France that they could compete with the bayonet muskets of the British.

Six days before the Declaration of Independence was approved in 1776, a British fleet arrived at New York City.  They had 200 ships manned by 10,000 and 42,000 troops on board.

It is estimated that more than 20,000 Colonial soldiers were killed during the Revolutionary War

By the end of the Revolution, around 60,000 men and women had left America.  Most of these were Loyalists.

It is estimated 50,000 American Loyalists fought for the British Army during the War.

Benjamin Franklin made 8 trips to England and France before and during the Revolutionary War.  Each lasted about 6 weeks.  His last trip over was in 1785.

How did America pay for the Revolution?

  • Most if it (67%) was paid by state and Congress printed money
  • The rest was from borrowed funds (33%)